Mengenal Wacana KeIslaman : Ulum Al Qur'an dan Ulum Al Hadits oleh Abdul Muid Nawawi, MA

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Mengenal Wacana KeIslaman : Ulum Al Qur'an dan Ulum Al Hadits oleh Abdul Muid Nawawi, MA

Diskusi serial  Mengenal Wacana KeIslaman dengan tema : Ulum Al Qur'an dan Ulum Al Hadits pada Tanggal 7 Oktober 2010, Ruang: B1-1, Jam : 10.00-12.00 WIB. Dengan Pembicara Abdul Muid Nawawi, MA. Diskusi ini membahas tentang Sejarah  munculnya Ulum  Hadits dan Ulum Al Qur'an, Perkembangan Ilmu Tafsir, Para Pendahulu Tafsir, Ruang Tafsir bagi Nalar, Tafsir Kontemporer, Kodifikasi  Hadits, Ulum Al Hadits, Cabang-cabang Ilmu Hadits.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 26 October 2010 14:15

The Concept of Wahdat Al Wujud Al Ibn Arabi

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The Concept  of Wahdat Al Wujud Ibn Araby

Roundtable Discussion kerjasama ICAS dan Program Studi Falsafah dan Agama pada tanggal 11 Juni 2010 di ruang A1-10, pembicara : Prof.Dr. Mahmoud Ghurab. Dalam diskusi ini beliau membahas secara singkat dan padat konsep Wahdatul Wujud dalam teks-teks Ibn Araby yang mempunyai beberapa kemungkinan makna. Salah satunya berkaitan dengan hubungan antara dzat (entitas) dan sifat yang dipredikatkan kepadanya, dalam hal ini adalah sifat wujud (keberadaan). Dalam konteks makhluq yang bersifat mungkin, sifat ini dalah bukan dzatnya, karena bisa terpisahkan atau dipilahkan. Sedangkan kalau berbicara tentang Sang Khaliq, maka sifatnya tidak bisa dipisahkan dan dipilahkan dari Dzat-Nya. Ini menurut Syaikh Ibn Araby ; berbeda dengan pandangan Asy'arian dari kalangan teologian Islam . Dengan demikian, Wahdatu; Wujud berarti kesatuan antara Dzar dan sifat Tuhan yang tidak bisa dipisahkan; Dzat adalah sifat dan begitu sebaliknya. Maka yang namanya wujud bukanlah maujud kecuali dalam konteks Allah SAW, agar supaya eksistensi Allah tidak disebabkan oleh sifat  yang disematkan kepada-Nya. Berbeda dari semua mahkluk yang baru ada ketika sifat wujud itu menjadi predikatnya setelah diciptakan.

Semua makhluk adalah tiada dan kemudian mempunyai sifat ada setelah diciptakan. Sedangkan Allah SAW wajib ada dan tidak diciptakan. Dengan demikian yang disebut wujud sebagai wujud itu sendiri adalah satu tak berbeda. Tetapi ketika perbedaan penisbahan antara Khaliq dan makhluk yang membuatnya mempunyai konsekwensi yang berbeda : a. Wahdatul Wujud dalam konteks Tuhan berarti Dia adalah satu-satunya Dzat yang Maha Kekal b. Karena Wahdatul Wujud ini tidak relevan dalam konteks makhluk-makhluk-Nya maka mereka adalah entitas bayangan yang hakikatnya tidak ada, dan kalaupun terlihat ada sejatinya adalah tiada c. Wahdatul Wujud ini sama sekali bukan wahdatul maujud karena Allah memang Maujud tapi Dia Maujud Sejati  sedangkan semua makhluk disebut maujud, sejatinya mereka ada karena Allah dan sejatinya adalah tiada.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 28 September 2010 09:43

Program Studi Falsafah dan Agama Mendapatkan Akreditasi A

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Kami dari Program Studi Falsafah dan Agama mengucapkan alhamdulilah karena Program Studi telah mendapatkan akreditasi A berdasarkan Keputusan  Ban PT No.049/BAN-PT/Ak-XII/S1/III/2010, tanggal  19 Maret 2010. Kami juga mengucapkan banyak terima kasih kepada Rektorat, para dosen dan staff yang telah membantu dalam proses akreditasi Program Studi Falsafah dan Agama.

Last Updated on Wednesday, 14 April 2010 14:44

Visitasi Akreditasi Program Studi Falsafah dan Agama

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Akhirnya momen yang kami tunggu telah tiba, yaitu Visitasi Akreditasi  Program Studi Falsafah dan Agama Fakultas Falsafah dan Peradaban, tepatnya pada tanggal 14 Desember 2009.  bertempat di granada. Dimana merupakan saat-saat yang menegangkan, mengharukan, menggembirakan semua bercampur-aduk  menjadi  satu. Acara tersebut  dihadiri  oleh  Bapak  Anies  Rasyid  Baswedan, Ph. D (Rektor), Totok Amin Soefijanto, Ed. D (Deputi Rektor I), Bima Priya Santosa, Ak, MPM (Deputi Rektor II), Wijayanto, MPP (Deputi Rektor III) dan ketua Program Studi Desain, Manajemen, Hubungan Internasional, Ilmu Komunikasi, Teknik Informatika, Psikologi serta dosen Falsafah dan Agama Abdul Muis Naharong, MA (Ketua Program Studi Falsafah dan Agama), Luthfi Assyaukanie, Ph.D, Prof. Abdul Hadi WM, M.Subhi Ibrahim, M. Hum. Asesmen yang hadir yaitu Prof. Drs, BA, MA, Ph.D Yusny Saby dan Prof. Dr.  Moh. Natsir Mahmud, MA. Proses asesmen lapangan berjalan lancar tanpa adanya hambatan yang berarti. Diharapkan nilai yang diperoleh akan mencapai nilai maksimal bagi Program Studi Falsafah dan Agama.

 

 

 

Last Updated on Thursday, 28 January 2010 14:29

Developing a Anti-Terrorism Curriculum

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Last month the country's largest Muslim organization Nahdlatul Ulama organized an international seminar on anti-terrorism. One of its agendas is to develop an anti-terrorism curriculum in religious education. Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) is not the only institution is developing an anti-terrorism curriculum and its application.

Several related parties such as the National Education Ministry, the Religious Affairs Ministry, the Defense Ministry and civil society organizations also have similar concerns. But they have been able to formulate a suitable curriculum, especially regarding its content, method and teaching and learning process application.

Before developing a curriculum, it is important to consider terrorist ideology characteristics. In general, there are at least four characteristics.

First is rigidity, the manifestation of Islamic practices with a strict understanding. Most terrorists reject facts that show the flexibility of Islamic practices applied to Islam in different specified contexts.

Second is literalism. Most terrorists understand the Koran and the hadith in the literal sense.

Third is generalization. Most terrorists see the world in a simplified manner, mainly dividing human into two Muslims and infidel, without considering the world's circumstances.

Fourth is the pathway to absolutism and rejection, where most terrorists see their own opinion as the ultimate truth, in the name of God, and therefore tend to reject the opinions of others.

Considering the above four characteristics of terrorist ideology, I want to make some notes for developing an anti-terrorism curriculum in religious education. I will apply Brenda Watson's explanations about orientation, method and content of education curriculum as shown in her book, Education (1987). The notes are based on big mistakes within orientations, methods and contents of our current religious education, while at the same time provide alternatives to solve those problems.

First, it often is that religious education faces disorientation. Instead of the education process, it changes the orientation to the process of indoctrination. In religious education that changes its orientation from education to indoctrination, students are not encouraged to practice maturity, tolerance, creativity and rational and critical thought. There is no opportunity for students to question their teachers. Students more likely enforced to understand teachings in a dogmatic sense and believe information is absolute. This kind of teaching process creates fertile soil for the embryo of radicalism and terrorism.

Second, the religious education syllabus is more concentrated on the normative aspects of religious teaching than other aspects such as spiritual growth, moral education, character development and social attitude. Using Watson's concept, religious education should value these aspects by applying at least the three central education methods: experience, imagination and thinking.

Experience is a basic element to build self-awareness and tolerance among students. Religious education should help students to understand the meaning and implications of experiencing certain religious rituals. It is hoped students understand there should be a balance between ritual and social piety.

Imagination is needed to help students have a wider and broader sense of their environment. In term of religious subjects, imagination can be a medium to exercise empathy, putting oneself in another person's mould.

Critical thinking is a way for students to learn to be rational and critical. Applied to religious education, it may help students to think rationally and critically, not dogmatically and literally. They will learn to challenge their religious teaching if they learn information that contradicts the context they live in.

Third, often religious education scholars only know about their religion. They do not want to enrich their knowledge about other religions for themselves and students. Consequently, teachers mostly teach religious education with a narrow perspective. It is rare that teachers teach comparative religions and explain more about other religions and their common platform.

Also, it is rare that religious education teachers, for example, take students to other places of worship such as churches, temples and synagogues to promote interfaith dialogue or volunteering involving cooperation between students from different religions. In my opinion, this is an effective way to build student's perspective of religious plurality and enhance inclusiveness and tolerance.

Fourth, that is also no less important in religious education. To measure the success of a religious education-based anti-terrorism curriculum, it cannot only assess the level of students' memorization of and attitude to the words of God in the holy text.

The writer is a lecturer at the Department of Philosophy & Religion, Paramadina University, Jakarta, and is currently a PhD student at Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany.

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Suratno (Dosen Falsafah & Peradaban Universitas Paramadina)
Tulisan ini dimuat di Harian The Jakarta Post, 10 Desember 2009.

Konsolidasi Program Studi

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Kegiatan Konsolidasi Program studi diselenggarakan oleh Program Studi Falsafah dan Agama pada tanggal 2-4 Oktober 2009 bertempat di Puncak, Jawa-Barat. Kegiatan tersebut dihadiri oleh dosen tetap, dosen luar biasa, mahasiswa per angkatan, dan alumni. Adapun agenda acara konsolidasi program studi membahas :

1. Raker HIMAFA

2. Perkenalan antara mahasiswa/angkatan dan alumni

3. Rapat program untuk mahasiswa baru angkatan 2009

4. Perpisahan ketua program studi Falsafah dan Agama (Bapak Suratno, MA)

Last Updated on Friday, 13 November 2009 16:26

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